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Universal Access and Service

Availability, Accessibility and Affordability for Universal Service

The concept of Universal Access and Service (UAS) has been evolving in recent years, primarily due to the growth of the internet and the mobile phone, in combination with market liberalization and explosive demand in the developing world. This Module introduces the concept, and explores a number of topics, such as marketing mechanisms and financial analysis. Availability, accessibility, and affordability are discussed throughout as fundamental requirements of universal service.