India- ‘Unified’ Access Service Licensing
The following information was reported in ITU Trends in Telecommunications Reform – 2004/05: Licensing in an Era of Convergence (Geneva: ITU, 2004), and was adapted from the Guidelines For Unified Access (Basic & Cellular) Services Licence dated 11 November 2003, and issued by the Department of Telecommunications, Government of India, available on-line at: http://www.dotindia.com/basic/basicindex.htm.
In 2001, “basic service operators” (BSOs) in
As the popularity of WLL(M) services offered by BSOs grew, a dispute emerged involving the BSOs and GSM cellular carriers. WLL(M) services were increasingly seen as largely substitutable for GSM services. However, GSM cellular carriers had paid substantial amounts for their licences, and they complained bitterly that when they had made those investments they had not known that they would face competition from WLL(M) providers offering similar services.
The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) and the courts had to find a balance between promoting service penetration and ensuring a level playing field among operators. In an effort to seek a solution, TRAI issued its “Consultation Paper on Unified Access Services Licensing (UASL)” for basic and cellular services on
With the introduction of unified access licensing, existing BSOs and cellular carriers can either continue to operate under the old licensing regime or migrate to the new regime. Operators migrating to the UASL regime continue to provide wireless services over existing allocated spectrum, with no additional spectrum allotted under the migration process. No additional entry fees are charged for cellular carriers to migrate to the new UASL licence. BSOs, however, are required to pay an entry fee for migration. The BSO entry fee for a particular service area is based on the difference between the entry fee paid by the fourth cellular mobile service provider in that area and the entry fee already paid by the BSO to provide its existing services in that same area. License fees, service areas, rollout obligations and performance bank guarantees under the UASL regime are identical to those specified in the licence granted to the fourth cellular mobile service provider.
- 3.8.2. Convergence & Authorization Policies
- 3.8.3. Unified and Multi-service Licensing
- 188.8.131.52. Implementing Unified and Multi-service Licensing Regimes
- 184.108.40.206. Implementing a Unified or Multi-Service Licensing Regime – Some Considerations
- 220.127.116.11. Transitioning Existing Licensees to the New Licensing Regime